The laws of the Bani Israel as layed out in the Torah

1) The Sabbath. As the Torah says in Exodus 31:12-17 regarding The Sabbath:
""God told Moses to speak to the Israelites and say to them: You must still keep My Sabbaths. It is a sign between Me and you for all generations, to make you realize that I, God, am making you holy. [Therefore] keep the Sabbath as something sacred to you. Anyone doing work [on the Sabbath] shall be cut off spiritually from his people, and therefore, anyone violating it shall be put to death. Do your work during the six-week days, but keep Saturday as a Sabbath of Sabbaths, holy to God. Whoever does any work on Saturday shall be put to death. The Israelites shall thus keep the Sabbath, making it a day of rest for all generations, as an eternal covenant. It is a sign between Me and the Israelites that during the six weekdays God made heaven and earth, but on Saturday, He ceased working and withdrew to the spiritual.""

Now it is important to note that the Torah is written in the language of man, so that man can understand it, God does not need to "rest" on the Sabbath day, as is evidenced in Genesis1:3, all he needs to do is speak and it is done, it is not "work" for him.  "God said, 'There shall be light,' and light came into existence."  Similar to the Qur’an 3:47 when Allah describes the virgin birth of Jesus, "She said: "O my Lord! How shall I have a son when no man hath touched me?" He said: "Even so: Allah create what He will: When He hath decreed a plan, He but says to it, 'Be,' and it is!"

As it says in the Qur’an 2:255, "Allah! There is no god but He, -the Living, the Self-subsisting, Eternal. No slumber can seize Him nor sleep. His are all things in the heavens and on earth. Who is there can intercede in His presence except as He permits? He knows what (appears to His creatures as) before or after or behind them. Nor shall they compass aught of His knowledge except as He wills. His Throne doth extend over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them for He is the Most High, the Supreme (in glory)."

2) To put on Tefillin. As it says in the Torah, Exd 13:9 "And it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thine hand, and for a memorial between thine eyes, that the LORD'S law may be in thy mouth: for with a strong hand hath the LORD brought thee out of Egypt." Exd 13:16, "And it shall be for a token upon thine hand, and for frontlets between thine eyes: for by strength of hand the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt." Deu 6:8, "And thou shalt bind them for a sign upon thine hand, and they shall be as frontlets between thine eyes." And also in Deu 11:18-19, "Therefore shall ye lay up these my words in your heart and in your soul, and bind them for a sign upon your hand, that they may be as frontlets between your eyes. And ye shall teach them your children, speaking of them when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou walkest by the way, when thou liest down, and when thou risest up."

3) To put a Mezuzah on your doorposts. As it says in the Torah, Deu 11:20, "And thou shalt write them upon the door posts of thine house, and upon thy gates:"

4) To wear Tzitzit on the 4 corners of your garment. As it says in the Torah, Num 15:37-41, "And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments throughout their generations, and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a ribband of blue: And it shall be unto you for a fringe, that ye may look upon it, and remember all the commandments of the LORD, and do them; and that ye seek not after your own heart and your own eyes, after which ye use to go a whoring: That ye may remember, and do all my commandments, and be holy unto your God. I [am] the LORD your God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: I [am] the LORD your God."

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