Who goes to Hell according to the 3 religions:
In Islam; only idolaters and those Jews, Christians, and Muslims who do not believe in Allah and the Last Day and do not follow the Torah and Injil and Qur’an respectfully, are the ones who go to Hell. Meaning if one claims to be a Jew, but does not believe in God or the Day of Judgment or follow the Torah (i.e. keeping the laws of the Sabbath, Dietary Laws, etc..) then he would not be protected. As it says in the Qur’an:
2.062: Those who believe (in the Qur'an), and those who follow the Jewish (scriptures), and the Christians and the Sabians,- any who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and work righteousness, shall have their reward with their Lord; on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.
5.069: Those who believe (in the Qur'an), those who follow the Jewish (scriptures), and the Sabians and the Christians,- any who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and work righteousness,- on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.
4.048 : Allah forgiveth not that partners should be set up with Him; but He forgiveth anything else, to whom He pleaseth; to set up partners with Allah is to devise a sin Most heinous indeed.
4.116 : Allah forgiveth not (The sin of) joining other gods with Him; but He forgiveth whom He pleaseth other sins than this: one who joins other gods with Allah, Hath strayed far, far away (from the right).
Now some Muslim Commentators on the Qur’an say that only those Jews and Christians who believed in the Torah or Injil before the coming of Muhammad would be protected. And that after the coming of Muhammad, all people have to believe in Islam or they would go to Hell, if they had received proper Da’Wa (proselytization: education and invitation to Islam). Meaning that if someone does not know about the PROPER teachings of Islam, then they would not be held accountable. So if you did not hear about Islam at all, or had gotten a perverted message of Islam, then you would not be accountable. The basis for this belief is:
3.085: If anyone desires a religion other than Islam (submission to Allah), never will it be accepted of him; and in the Hereafter He will be in the ranks of those who have lost (All spiritual good).
3.019: The Religion before Allah is Islam (submission to His Will): Nor did the People of the Book dissent therefrom except through envy of each other, after knowledge had come to them. But if any deny the Signs of Allah, Allah is swift in calling to account.
5.3: This day have I perfected your religion for you,
completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.
One more important thing to note is that the only things that the Qur'an has against some Jews are that they do not follow the Torah and make statements that are not based on the Torah. Whereas the criticism that the Qur'an makes of Chritianity is its very doctrine, its very core, its essence. For example, the Qur'an dismisses the Trinity, the sonship of Jesus, his divinity, even his crucifixtion and ressurrection. These go to the very heart of Chritianity. Thusly it dismisses the whole religion of Christianity as a falsehood. As it says in 1 Corinthians 15:14, "And if Christ be not risen, then [is] our preaching vain, and your faith [is] also vain."
Whereas the only criticisms of Jews in the Qur'an is their actions and beliefs that are NOT from the Torah. There is NO criticism of the doctrinal beliefs of Judaism! So in synopsis, the Qur'an critisizes Jews, not Judaism; whereas the Qur'an not only criticizes Christians, but also critisizes all of Christianity at the doctrinal level!
The Qur'an says of the Christians:
5.17: In blasphemy indeed are those that say that Allah is Christ the son of Mary. Say: "Who then hath the least power against Allah, if His will were to destroy Christ the son of Mary, his mother, and all every - one that is on the earth? For to Allah belongeth the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between. He createth what He pleaseth. For Allah hath power over all things."
5.72-73: They do blaspheme who say: "Allah is Christ the son of Mary." But said Christ: "O Children of Israel! worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord." Whoever joins other gods with Allah,- Allah will forbid him the garden, and the Fire will be his abode. There will for the wrong-doers be no one to help. They do blaspheme who say: Allah is one of three in a Trinity: for there is no god except One Allah. If they desist not from their word (of blasphemy), verily a grievous penalty will befall the blasphemers among them.
19.88-92: They say: "(Allah) Most Gracious has begotten a son!" Indeed ye have put forth a thing most monstrous! At it the skies are ready to burst, the earth to split asunder, and the mountains to fall down in utter ruin, That they should invoke a son for (Allah) Most Gracious. For it is not consonant with the majesty of (Allah) Most Gracious that He should beget a son."
4.171-172: O People of the Book! Commit no excesses in your religion: Nor say of Allah aught but the truth. Christ Jesus the son of Mary was (no more than) a messenger of Allah, and His Word, which He bestowed on Mary, and a spirit proceeding from Him: so believe in Allah and His messengers. Say not "Trinity" : desist: it will be better for you: for Allah is one Allah: Glory be to Him: (far exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belong all things in the heavens and on earth. And enough is Allah as a Disposer of affairs. The Messiah (Christ) does by no means disdain that he should be a servant of Allah, nor do the angels who are near to Him, and whoever disdains His service and is proud, He will gather them all together to Himself.
9:30-31: "...The Christians call Christ the son of Allah. That is a saying from their mouth; (in this) they but imitate what the unbelievers of old used to say. Allah's curse be on them: how they are deluded away from the Truth! They take their priests and their anchorites to be their lords in derogation of Allah, and (they take as their Lord) Christ the son of Mary; yet they were commanded to worship but One Allah: there is no god but He. Praise and glory to Him: (Far is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him)."
2.116: They say: "Allah hath begotten a son" :Glory be to Him.-Nay, to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth: everything renders worship to Him.
10.68: They say: "Allah hath begotten a son!" - Glory be to Him! He is self-sufficient! His are all things in the heavens and on earth! No warrant have ye for this! say ye about Allah what ye know not?
112:1-4: Say: He is Allah, the One and Only; Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like unto Him. (God does not have a son or a mother).
Click here to see what the Qur'an critisizes the Jews about
In Christianity; According to traditional Christianity and the majority of Protestant Denominations, all people who don’t believe that Jesus is the Son of God who died on the cross for their sins go to Hell. This is supported by numerous passages in the New Testment. Of the three religions, it is the least tolerant of other faiths. Historically, Christians believed that Jews were Christ-killers and thusly going to Hell for rejecting him. And Christians labeled Muslims, infidels, and accused them of worshipping a different god than the God of the Bible (Abraham, Moses and Jesus), thusly idolaters. Examples from the New Testament:
John 3:18 He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 3:36 He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him.
Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.
John 15:6 If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast [them] into the fire, and they are burned.
He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned.
Gal 2:16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.
Gal 2:20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.
Rom 10:9 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.
In Judaism; In order to not go to Hell (Gehennim), a Jew has to follow the 613 laws of the Torah. And a Gentile (non-Jew) just had to follow the 7 laws of Noah. If they did this, they were saved and were sure to go to heaven.
The 7 laws of Noah (These commandments and laws are based on oral traditions as well as scriptural exegesis of Genesis 2:16 and 9:4-6.) A covenant for all of humanity:
1. No polytheism or idolatry; (saying that God has a son or a mother or worshipping an image or statue of Jesus or Mary).
2. No adultery, fornication, homosexuality (sodomy), incest
3. No Murder
4. No Stealing
5. To set up courts of Justice
6. Not to take off the limb of a live animal. (Like done in Far East).
7. No blasphemy (believing in a human who claims to be God (incarnation) or that God has a begotten son).
The Great Jewish Philosopher, Maimonides, believed that the whole purpose of Christianity and Islam, was to spread monotheism and the 7 laws of Noah to the Gentiles. And that the Christian ideas of trinity and incarnation, while being idolatrous for Jews to believe in, would constitute monotheism for Gentiles. Whereas as some other Rabbis would insist that both Jews and Gentiles should have the same standard for monotheism and thusly #1 and #7 excludes Trinitarian Christianity from being a Noahide religion.
Some also add that
one must believe in the divine origin of the Torah. and in the immutability of
the Torah (that it cannot be corrupted or changed over time). This would then exclude Islam from being a
Noahide religion, since it believes that the Torah has been corrupted over
For more info on the Noahide Laws click here.